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Gates Vascular Institute (GVI)
875 Ellicott Street
Buffalo, NY 14203

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Vascular Services
Carotid Disease

What is Carotid Disease?

When plaques clog the carotid artery, Carotid Disease occurs. Many times carotid artery disease may go undetected until the patient experiences a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), often called a mini stroke or silent stroke.

What are the symptoms of stroke?

Symptoms of stroke are:

If any of these symptoms appear, it is important to call 9-1-1 immediately and “Get to Gates.”

  • Weakness, drooping or numbness in the face or limbs, especially on only one side
  • Garbled or unintelligible speech
  • Severe headache
  • Difficulty seeing
  • Dizziness

How is stroke diagnosed?

In addition to a physical exam, there are several tests utilized to diagnose carotid artery disease or stroke. They include:

  • Computerized tomography angiography (CTA)
  • Cerebral angiogram
  • Cat scan
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic resonance angiography

What are the treatment options for Carotid Disease?

Treatment options depend on the severity of the carotid artery disease. They can include everything from lifestyle changes, medications, and stenting to surgical interventions to remove the plaque and open the artery. Arteries without significant blockage are usually managed medically, especially when patients do not have symptoms. When patients have classic symptoms, interventions are recommended even for moderate blockages in the arteries.